Chinese energy firm partners with Spanish mining outfit

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Chinese media outlet PV Tech announced this week that Risen Energy, a China-based company, is partnering with a Spanish crypto mining farm to develop its capacity to 300 megawatts (MW) of photovoltaic power.

CryptoSolarTech is building two farms using energy-efficient technology in the Tech Park of the southern city of Málaga. As CryptoSolarTech says, Spain is one of the best places in Europe to take advantage of clean and environmentally friendly solar energy, and choosing the southern region of Andalucia, which has an average of 320 days of sunshine annually, makes sense. Furthermore, the basic reason why solar energy is profitable in Spain is due to the lower cost of building materials, as well as the improved performance of electrical equipment. Investors are now betting again on solar power generation in Spain, which for a decade was in the doldrums as the country cut subsidies for the clean but expensive source of energy.

The partnership with Risen Energy comes only two months after CryptoSolar announced the new farms. According to the press report, Risen Energy “will develop and take on engineering, procurement and construction (EPC) responsibilities for the projects.”

CryptoSolarTech released its own token via an ICO  in June 2018 to assist with financing its operations, and according to ICO Bench it raised $68.2 million (€60 million) According to its ICO statement, “CryptoSolartech will use the Ethereum Blockchain for the management, income generation and start-up of the physical assets that form this project. The ultimate goal is the creation of a farm for cryptocurrency mining and a photovoltaic plant to generate electricity.”

PV Tech also revealed that “Funding for the project is secured against the launch and sale of the cryptocurrency tokens from the farms and is based on a 15-year power purchase agreement (PPA).”

This news represents a turnaround for CryptoSolarTech, which originally announced at the end of its ICO that it had concluded a power supply contract with Barcelona-based Respira Energia, however, it appears that it has chosen to partner with Risen Energy instead, or work with both, however that is not clear from current news reports.

This news is good for Spain’s blockchain ambitions, which are growing apace, and a strong indication that Spain’s solar energy market is finally gaining ground, as the cost of solar power production plunged 73 percent between 2010 and 2017, and will continue to fall according the International Renewable Energy Agency (Irena).

 

 

How companies use machine learning

The machine learning market is growing at pace. According to Research and Markets it should reach $40 billion by 2025. Currently it is already over the $1 billion mark, but to reach the estimated value it will have to make a major leap in growth.

What will cause it to grow? Every company will start using it once they have identified a use case, and that is one of the barriers to adoption at the moment, but we can learn from the ways in which major companies are already using machine learning.

Apple

Apple is working on a cross-device personalisation tool and has already applied for the patent. It is rumoured that what this will do is allow your Apple Watch to connect with your iTunes playlist and find a piece of music to match your heart rate.

Twitter

Twitter is working on visibility problems with thumbnail images. It is using neural networks to find a scalable, cost-effective way to crop users’ photos into compelling, low-resolution preview images.

AliBaba

This Chinese retail giant has 500 million customers and each of them uses the store in a distinct way. So Alibaba is using machine learning to track every customer’s journey. Furthermore, all Alibaba’s online storefronts are customised for each shopper and searches will bring customers the products they want to see. There’s also a chatbot who handles most of the spoken and written customer service inquiries. Every element of Alibaba’s business has been built for engagement with the shopper, and every action the shopper takes teaches the machine more about what the shopper wants. It’s extremely effective.

Target

American retailing giant, Target, is using machine learning to reach and respond to its pregnant customers. In fact, Target’s model is so precise that it can reliably guess which trimester a pregnant woman is in based on what she’s bought.

Typically companies have been driven by the seasons, but machine learning can help businesses respond to ‘seasons’ in people’s lives. For example, a person who has just bought a car doesn’t want to see car ads, but motor insurance ads are appropriate. Basically, machine learning can pick up on those rhythms, helping companies recommend their products to customers when the timing is just right.

Pepper the Robot talks to UK parliament

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The title does not refer to the ‘Maybot’, the well-used nickname for the UK’s present prime minister, but to Pepper, a robot who will be the first non-human to testify in front of the British parliament about the fourth industrial revolution.

Pepper, who has been created by Softbank Robotics, will be explaining topics such as AI and robotics to The Commons Education Select Committee. Robert Halfon, Chair of the Committee told the Times Educational Supplement: “If we’ve got the march of the robots, we perhaps need the march of the robots to our select committee to give evidence.” And he added, “The fourth industrial revolution is possibly the most important challenge facing our nation over the next 10, 20, to 30 years.”

The Education Select Committee wants to understand exactly what the impact of this fourth industrial revolution is likely to be, both in terms of the positives and negatives. For example, as we know, when robots and artificial intelligences are discussed, the talk usually comes around to how this new technology will negatively impact on people’s jobs. As has been pointed out by many AI critics, low-skilled workers are most likely to be hit by the introduction of robotics in the workplace, particularly on factory production lines with repetitive processes. Although, as I have discussed in a previous blog post, there are strong arguments in favour of AI freeing up those workers to do more meaningful tasks.

The Committee hopes that by allowing Pepper to have the floor and talk to members, they will gain some insights into the future. Halfon responded to those who think this ‘performance’ is a bit of a gimmick by saying, “This is not about someone bringing an electronic toy robot and doing a demonstration; it’s about showing the potential of robotics and artificial intelligence and the impact it has on skills.”

Pepper is equipped with four microphones, two HD cameras, and a touchscreen on its chest for displaying information when needed and has been speaking at conferences around the world, so it has some experience in speaking to CEOs and industry leaders.

 

 

‘Five Eyes’ tests AI in battlefield scenario

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The militaristic use of AI is somewhat controversial, so this story in Artificial Intelligence News sparked my interest. According to the story, the British military has been trialling the use of AI to “scan for hidden attackers in a mock battlefield environment.” The testing ground is actually in Montreal, Canada rather than the UK, as Canada and the UK, along with the US, Australia and New Zealand are members of what is called ‘Five Eyes’, which is a security partnership.

The AI tool is called SAPIENT (Sensors for Asset Protection using Integrated Electronic Network Technology)

and it has been developed with the aim of using sensors to detect battlefield hazards while freeing up human soldiers for other operational activities. To some it may sound like something you might find while playing “Call of Duty,” except this too will not be deployed in a virtual reality.

 Keeping pace with Russia

Not everyone welcomes the introduction of AI to warfare, but those that do support it point to Russia and China’s heavy investment in military AI and say we must keep pace with them. Russia’s bellicose president Vladimir Putin has already said, “Artificial intelligence is the future, not only for Russia, but for all humankind. It comes with colossal opportunities, but also threats that are difficult to predict. Whoever becomes the leader in this sphere will become the ruler of the world.”

Google’s Project Maven

Perhaps that is a chilling enough statement to send most nations scurrying off to work on AI and why the ‘Five Eyes’ are continuing to test news tools extensively. Yet others are wary. For example, earlier in 2018 you may remember the furore that erupted at Google’s offices over its Project Maven contract with the Pentagon to develop AI technology for drones for the Pentagon. Google was forced to drop the contract following an internal backlash and staff resignations.  Some 4,000 staff members demanded that Google would never again “build warfare technology.” Google CEO Sundar Pichai wrote in a blog post the company will not develop technologies or weapons that cause harm, or anything which can be used for surveillance violating “internationally accepted norms” or “widely accepted principles of international law and human rights.”

SAPIENT development

But others are undeterred by such considerations, and it is a extremely interesting area of debate, especially for ‘civilian’ companies like Google. When companies typically associated with the military work on technology, you can expect a different response from their employees, because this is simply what they do. That is the case with SAPIENT, which was developed by the Defence Science and Technology Laboratory (DSTL) and industry partners, and co-funded initially by Innovate UK. Since 2016, the programme has been funded solely by DSTL, which is part of the Ministry of Defence.

 

The UK’s Defence Minister Stuart Andrew said of SAPIENT:

“This British system can act as autonomous eyes in the urban battlefield. This technology can scan streets for enemy movements so troops can be ready for combat with quicker, more reliable information on attackers hiding around the corner.

Investing millions in advanced technology like this will give us the edge in future battles.”

Sapience, by the way, means “the ability to act with judgement.” The question is, can an AI tool that monitors people approaching a checkpoint, or changes in people’s behaviour, rally replace human intelligence? There are many stories about human errors and innocent people have been mistakenly shot. Will AI deliver better responses? Sadly, we will only know after it has been deployed.